Forskning

Her er et utvalg av vitenskapelige studier jeg bruker:

Fersk studie, publisert 23.9.2013 i Sverige:

  • En svensk ekspertutredning («Statens beredning för medicinsk utvärdering», SBU)  som pågikk i 2 år konkluderte med at:
  • Lavkarbo-kosthold er mest effektivt for vektnedgang
  • Det gir ingen økt risiko for hjerte- og blodåre sykdom.
  • Lavkarbo gir bedre verdier av det sunne kolesterolet, ingen negativ effekt på det usunne kolesterolet.
  • For diabetikere fører lavkarbo til bedret blodsukker-regulering.

Det forventet at lavkarbo vil bli tilbudt som en behandlings form i det offentlige helsevesenet i Sverige fremover. 

Hvete og korn sin rolle med tanke på inflammasjon: The dietary intake of wheat and other cereal grains and their role in inflammation: Karin De Punder & Leo Pruimboom, mars 2013

Lavkarbo gir deg ikke høyt kolesterol:
Kilder som viser at lavkarbo/LCHF ikke gir forhøyet kolesterol, tvert imot, så gir det bedre fettverdier:(Kilde: Espen Rostrup)

Brehm BJ, Seeley RJ, Daniels SR, D’Alessio DA. A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Apr. 1;88(4):1617–1623.(* nevnes også av Eenfeldt under punktet «bedre vektnedgang med lavkarbokosthold»)

Foster GD, Wyatt HR, Hill JO, Makris AP, Rosenbaum DL, Brill C, et al. Weight and metabolic outcomes after 2 years on a low-carbohydrate versus low-fat diet: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Aug. 3;153(3):147–157.

Sharman MJ, Kraemer WJ, Love DM, Avery NG, Gómez AL, Scheett TP, et al. A ketogenic diet favorably affects serum biomarkers for cardiovascular disease in normal-weight men. J Nutr. 2002 Jul. 1;132(7):1879–1885.

Shai I, Schwarzfuchs D, Henkin Y, Shahar DR, Witkow S, Greenberg I, et al. Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, Mediterranean, or low-fat diet. N Engl J Med. 2008 Jul. 17;359(3):229–241. (* nevnes også av Eenfeldt under punktet «bedre vektnedgang med lavkarbokosthold»)

Sharman MJ, Gómez AL, Kraemer WJ, Volek JS. Very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets affect fasting lipids and postprandial lipemia differently in overweight men. J Nutr. 2004 Apr. 1;134(4):880–885.

Lavkarbo gir deg ikke hjertesykdom:
Kilder som viser at det ikke er sammenheng mellom naturlig mettet fett og hjertesykdom: (Kilde: Andreas Eenfeldt, «Kostdoktor’n«):

Berglund B, et al.
Fettintag och kardiovaskulär hälsa – är vi helt felinformerade?
Läkartidningen 2007;49:3780-4.

Siri-Tarino PW, et al.
Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jan 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Skeaff CM, et al. Dietary Fat and Coronary Heart Disease: Summary of Evidence from Prospective Cohort and Randomised Controlled Trials. Ann Nutr Metab 2009;55:173–201.

Mente A, et al. A Systematic Review of the Evidence Supporting a Causal Link Between Dietary Factors and Coronary Heart Disease.
Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(7):659-669.

Volek JS, Ballard KD, Silvestre R, Judelson DA, Quann EE, Forsythe CE, et al. Effects of dietary carbohydrate restriction versus low-fat diet on flow-mediated dilation. Metab Clin Exp. 2009 Dec. 1;58(12):1769–1777. (Kilde: Espen Rostrup)

Lavkarbo er mer effektivt for vektregulering:
Kvalitetsikrede studier som viser at det effektivt med strikt lavkarbokosthold for en vellykket vektregulering: (Kilde: Andreas Eenfeldt, «Kostdoktor’n»):

Shai I, et al. Weight loss with a low-carbohydrate, mediterranean, or low-fat diet.
N Engl J Med 2008;359(3);229–41.

Gardner CD, et al.Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and learn Diets for Change in Weight and Related Risk Factors Among Overweight Premenopausal Women. The a to z Weight Loss Study: A Randomized Trial. JAMA. 2007;297:969–977.

Brehm BJ, et al. A Randomized Trial Comparing a Very Low Carbohydrate Diet and a Calorie-Restricted Low Fat Diet on Body Weight and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Healthy Women.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:1617–1623.

Samaha FF, et al.
A Low-Carbohydrate as Compared with a Low-Fat Diet in Severe Obesity.
N Engl J Med 2003;348:2074–81.

Sondike SB, et al.
Effects of a low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor in overweight adolescents.
J Pediatr. 2003 Mar;142(3):253–8.

Aude YW, et al.The National Cholesterol Education Program Diet vs a Diet Lower in Carbohydrates and Higher in Protein and Monounsaturated Fat. A Randomized Trial.
Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:2141–2146.

Volek JS, et al.Comparison of energy-restricted very low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets on weight loss and body composition in overweight men and women.
Nutrition & Metabolism 2004, 1:13.

Yancy WS Jr, et al.A Low-Carbohydrate, Ketogenic Diet versus a Low-Fat Diet To Treat Obesity and Hyperlipidemia. A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140:769–777.

Nichols-Richardsson SM, et al.Perceived Hunger Is Lower and Weight Loss Is Greater in Overweight Premenopausal Women Consuming a Low-Carbohydrate/High- Protein vs High-Carbohydrate/Low-Fat Diet.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:1433–1437.

Krebs NF, et al.Efficacy and Safety of a High Protein, Low Carbohydrate Diet for Weight Loss in Severely Obese Adolescents. J Pediatr 2010;157:252-8.

Summer SS, et al.Adiponectin Changes in Relation to the Macronutrient Composition of a Weight-Loss Diet. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print]

Daly ME, et al.Short-term effects of severe dietary carbohydrate-restriction advice in Type 2 diabetes–a randomized controlled trial. Diabet Med. 2006 Jan;23(1):15–20.

Westman EC, et al.The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low- glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutr. Metab (Lond.)2008 Dec 19;5:36.

Halyburton AK, et al. Low- and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets have similar effects on mood but not cognitive performance. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86:580–7.

Dyson PA, et al.A low-carbohydrate diet is more effective in reducing body weight than healthy eating in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Diabet Med. 2007 Dec;24(12):1430-5.

Keogh JB, et al.Effects of weight loss from a very-low-carbohydrate diet on endothelial function and markers of cardiovascular disease risk in subjects with abdominal obesity.
Am J Clin Nutr 2008;87:567–76.

Lavkarbo gir ikke nyreskader:

Brinkworth GD, Buckley JD, Noakes M, Clifton PM. Renal function following long-term weight loss in individuals with abdominal obesity on a very-low-carbohydrate diet vs high-carbohydrate diet. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010 Apr.;110(4):633–638.

Pecoits-Filho R. Dietary protein intake and kidney disease in Western diet. Contrib Nephrol. 2007;155:102–112.

Lavkarbo gir deg ikke for lite fiber:

Slavin JL. Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Oct.;108(10):1716–1731.

Feinman RD, Vernon MC, Westman EC. Low carbohydrate diets in family practice: what can we learn from an internet-based support group. Nutr J. 2006;5:26.

Doktor Dahlqvists Blogg finner du også en svært lang liste med dokumentasjon.